The ReeMAP Industrial Park will be a chemical processing plant that both consumes and produces input materials and chemicals that can be used in mineral processing.
Chemicals and input materials
Safety in focus
As in all chemical processing facilities, safety is always the first consideration. This will be reflected in the plant design, construction and procedures. Also, it will be considered in the environmental permit application process.
Sulphuric acid and hydrochloric acid
Sulphuric acid is an essential input material in the hydro process and is added to continuously regenerate hydrochloric acid. Hydrochloric acid is used to dissolve the apatite concentrate and liberate valuable minerals such as phosphorus, REEs and fluorine. Global production of sulphuric acid, a key substance, exceeds 230 million tonnes. It is used in, for example, the paper industry, the metals and mining industry and for fertiliser production.
In this process, we will need hydrogen to produce ammonia. To produce green (carbon-dioxide-free) ammonia, hydrogen is produced via electrolysis of water using fossil-free electricity.
The hydrogen reacts together with nitrogen under high pressure (Haber-Bosch process) and forms green ammonia, without CO2 emissions.